American Indian Heritage and History

July 3, 2017

Upper Watershed American Indian Priority: The Haudenosaunee are celebrated and supported in their vision and efforts to steward the Susquehanna.

The active presence of American Indian cultures in the Upper Susquehanna is a valuable resource in this part of the watershed. Therefore, a top priority is to integrate their environmental stewardship ethic into policies and activities in this region.

  • Develop a media campaign on the principles of Haudenosaunnee Environmental Task Force in order to educate and engage other regional residents in environmental stewardship.
  • Work with public TV and radio to develop meaningful programming about the American Indian heritage and history of the Susquehanna.
  • Celebrate the Haudenosaunee Environmental Task Force work on conservation and restoration.


Middle Watershed American Indian Priority: The region’s residents understand and are connected with the history of American Indians in their region.

According to the community outreach campaign, residents in this region are least aware of the American Indian history in this region. This provides a key outreach opportunity, in particular when educating managers of working lands on the importance of land ethic and stewardship for the sustainable use of the Middle Susquehanna’s myriad natural resources.

  • Develop a watershed-wide cultural and historical working group and conference to compile knowledge and resources about the Susquehanna River watershed.
  • Integrate important historical sites into land use decision-making.
  • Create outreach and educational materials to introduce residents to the local history of this region.
  • Direct messaging toward landowner to provide new perspectives on the importance of land ethic and stewardship, potentially based on American Indian philosophies.


Lower Watershed American Indian Priority: Local voices defend and celebrate the existing historical and cultural resources in this region.

The Lower Susquehanna is one of the most culturally and historically significant regions in the eastern United States, yet neither state in this region recognizes a tribal presence.

  • Work with active American Indian communities nearby, including the Haudenosaunee Confederacy and the Maryland Commission on Indian Affairs, to build an active voice for American Indian history and culture in the lower Susquehanna.
  • Thoroughly document and protect the ancient petroglyphs carved in rocks standing out from the riverbed.
  • Encourage the stewardship and celebration of the region’s American Indian heritage and history through K-12 education programs and cultural heritage tourism.
  • Protect key viewsheds to preserve interpretive opportunities.